Functionalist perspective is largely based on the premise that a society is a complex system with interconnected parts that work together to foster solidarity to maintain an equilibrium. This approach views a society through a macro-level view by putting emphasis interconnectedness of a society as a whole. Every social institution plays an important role in sync with its constituent elements such as norms, traditions and institutions. A good example of functionalist perspective is the decline of civic engagement has declined over the last 50 years.
Conflict Perspective views the society as a stratified unit with units that are competing against each other for power and resources. This paradigm explains aspects of the globe by examining the group that has power and dominance from a social arrangement. Men have always been viewed as the superior gender against the women. Conflict theorist argue that the main reason why these roles exists is mainly because the dominant group instinctively work towards preserving the power. The society is largely divided as “haves” and the “haves not”. A good example of conflict perspective is the education system where well to do and intelligent students receive superior skills as compare to their average performing students.
Also referred to as micro sociology, interactionist Perspective reflects on the psychological dynamics of specific persons who is are a part of a small group. A person’s self-identity and sense of belonging is usually shaped by observing how others conduct themselves. A good example would how the color red is related to danger or emergency.