Self is an individual’s sense of who they are, which is different from everyone else and is influenced by social experiences. According to Charles Horton Cooley, “looking glass self” is a person’s sense of self based on how they feel other people view them. Self-identity is how an individual imagine how other people like friends, relatives, acquaintances and work mates view them. The first phase of self is preparatory stage, where children mimic people around them and they learn to use symbols. The second stage is the play stage where they begin to do role playing by pretending to be other people. At game stage, children take up their social positions alongside those of others. Significant others are the people who take care of a child during primary time of socialization like uncle, auntie, teacher or even grandparent. They are related to self since they have strong influence on how someone grows.
Dramaturgical approach is a study by which ordinary social interactions is likened to that of theatrical performance. At the front stage, a script is typically followed, costumes are worn and props are maintained. Back stage is essentially a private undertaking where rehearsal for front stage is done. Erving Goffman’s idea of impression management and face-work can be used to understand social behavior through examining micro-level interactions where people are physically present to interact.
Total institution is an establishment responsible for shaping and regulating a person’s life under a particular authority. Such institutions are boarding schools, prisons, military academies and mental hospitals. Degradation ceremony strips someone of their sense of self because thing like clothing, jewelry and other personal possessions are removed.
The elderly population are seen as less valuable based on their individualism and independence. The difference between disengagement theory and activity theory is that activity theory asserts that the elderly population remain happy whe
when they are actively participating in social interactions. On the other disengagement theory says that as someone becomes old, they start withdrawing from social activities. The solution to ageism is to focus on the positive aspects of life.